Allama Iqbal

Kutub Khana Naziriya Urdu Bazar Jama Masjid
1962 | More Info

About The Book


اقبال کی جو تصانیف خود اُن کی نظر میں ان کا ہمیشہ رہنے والا پیغام تھیں ان میں سے اسرار و رموز پہلی تصنیف ہے۔اسرار و رموز کے مطابق عشق کی بنیادی تعریف یہ ٹھہرتی ہے کہ عشق اُس چیز کا نام ہے جو ایک مسلمان کے دل میں رسول اکرمﷺ کے لیے موجود ہوتی ہے، اسرار و رموز فارسی مثنوی ہے جس کے دو حصے ہیں۔ پہلا حصہ ’اسرارِ خودی‘ کے عنوان سے ۱۹۱۵ء میں شائع ہوا۔ دوسرا حصہ ’رموزِ بیخودی‘ کے عنوان سے ۱۹۱۷ء میں سامنے آیا۔ بعد میں اقبال نے اِن دونوں کو اسرار و رموز کے عنوان سے یکجا کر کے شائع کیا،کتاب کے دونوں حصے یعنی ’اسرارِ خودی‘ اور ’رموزِ بیخودی‘ ایک دُوسرے کے عکس معلوم ہوتے ہیں، مثلاً اگر پہلے حصے کے آخر میں حضرت علیؓ کا ذکر ہے تو دُوسرے حصے کے آخر میں حضرت ابوبکر صدیقؓ کا۔ یہ التزام اکثر معاملات میں رکھا گیا ہے۔ ’اسرارِ خودی‘ میں دکھایا ہے کہ قوم کی زندگی میں افراد کا احساسِ خودی بنیادی اہمیت رکھتا ہے اور’رموزِ بیخودی‘ میں دکھایا ہے کہ قوم کی زندگی افراد کے لیے اہم ہے۔ افراد کی خودی قوم کے ذریعے وُسعت اور کمال حاصل کرتی ہے اور قوم مر رہی ہو تو افراد کا احساسِ خودی بھی ختم ہو جاتا ہے۔

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About The Author

Allama Iqbal

Allama Iqbal


Mohammad Iqbal (1877-1938), a descendant of a Kashmiri Brahmin family that had embraced Islam in the seventeenth century, was born and settled in Sialkot. After a traditional education in Arabic, Persian, and Urdu, he was exposed to a liberal education that defined the contours of his thought and his poetry during the entire period of his life. Beginning his educational career at the Scottish Mission School, he went on to acquire his M. A. in Philosophy, before joining Trinity College, and later earning the degree of Bar-at-Law. He furthered his education by getting the degree of doctorate from Germany on The Development of Metaphysics in Persia. He worked in different capacities at different points of time; he taught philosophy, practised law, got involved in politics, and also attended the second Round Table Conference. Even while he favoured the idea of the creation of Pakistan and is venerated there as the national poet, he wrote the famous patriotic song that celebrates the greatness of India.  King George V decorated him with knighthood and he was called Sir Mohammad Iqbal thereafter.

Iqbal wrote both in Persian and Urdu, and is often regarded as the poet-philosopher of the East who addressed the Muslim ummah, believed in the philosophy of wahdatul wujood, and propounded the philosohy of khudi, or selfhood, which called for self-realisation and the discovery of the hidden talent with love and perseverance. Beyond that lay the stages of complete submission and forgetfulness which, he thought, was the ultimate stage of khudi. Iqbal dreamt of the ‘complete man’ and also entered into a metaphoric dialogue with the divine. His poetry emerged as a remarkable site where message and art coalesced, as he re-configured major poetic devices like metaphor, myth, and symbol to re-visit history, philosophy and the Islamic faith to develop his individual vision. He has left behind his collections of poems, Asraar-e Khudi, Rumooz-e Bekhudi, Baang-e Daraa, Baal-e Jibreel, Payaam-e Mashriq, Zaboor-e ‘Ajm, Javed Naama, Zarb-e Kaleem, and Armaghaan-e Hijaz, apart from his lectures collected in English as The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam, and other works on the Eastern worldview.

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