janan janan

Ahmad Faraz

Nusrat Publishers, Lucknow
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جاناں جاناں یہ فراز کا چھٹا شعری مجموعہ ہے جو کہ ۱۹۷۶ ء میں منظر عام پر آیا۔ فراز کا جب یہ شعری مجموعہ منظر عام پر آیا،تو وہ پاکستان نیشنل سنٹر کے ڈائریکٹر کے طور پر کام کر رہے تھے۔ اگرچہ یہ ذو الفقار علی بھٹو کے جمہوری حکومت کا دور تھا اور ذو الفقار علی بھٹو فراز کے آئیڈیل تھے،اس کے باوجود اس زمانے میں جمہوری حکومت کے خلاف مزاحمت کا بھر پور اظہار کیا ہے۔ جاناں جاناں تک آتے آتے فراز کا مذہبی مطالعہ وسعت اختیار کرجاتا ہے۔ احمدفراز اس مجموعے میں جنرل ایوب خان کے خلاف بھی مزاحمت کرتے نظرآتے ہیں۔ فراز جنرل ایوب خان کے مارشل لاء کے خلاف اس لیے ہو گئے کہ وہ بہت جلد سمجھ گئے تھےکہ یہ بھی پاکستانی عوام پرجبرمسلسل کی اگلی کڑی ہے۔ ان پر یہ واضح ہوگیا تھا کہ یہاں بھی صرف ڈکٹیٹر کا چہرہ بدل گیا، حالات نہیں بدلے چنانچہ انھوں نے جنرل ایوب خان کی حکومت کو عوام کے حق میں زہرِقاتل قرار دیا۔فراز نے اس مجموعہ میں جنرل یحیٰ خان کے خلاف بھی احتجاج کیا ہے۔ یحی خان کی مخالفت دیگر چند وجوہات کے علاوہ اس لئے بھی شدت سے کی کہ اُن کی وجہ سے پاکستان دو حصوں میں تقسیم ہو گیا۔ فراز اس سانحےپرآخردم تک خون کے آنسو روتے رہے اور غداران وطن کو یاد کرکے کوستے رہے "جاناں جاناں" میں یحیٰ خان کےدور حکومت کے خلاف مزاحمتی عناصر کثرت سے موجود ہیں۔

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About The Author

Ahmad Faraz

Ahmad Faraz

Syed Ahmad Shah (1931-2008), who acquired the pen name of Faraz, came to be known as Ahmad Faraz as a poet. He was born at Nav Shahra although his ancestral place was Kohat. He studied at Islamia College, Kohat; Edwards College, Peshawar; and Peshawar University from where he got his degrees of M. A. in Urdu and M. A. in Persian. He began his career as a producer in Radio Pakistan. Later, he worked as a lecturer at Islamia College in Peshawar. Faraz disapproved of the military dictatorship in Pakistan and expressed himself unreservedly for which he was arrested. On his release, he preferred to live in a self-imposed exile in Europe and Canada for six years. Back home, he took up senior positions of administrative nature as Resident Director of Pakistan National Centre, and subsequently the Director of Akademy Adabiyat Pakistan, Lok Wirsa and Chairperson of National Book Foundation. A widely respected poet, Faraz received several awards. Some of these include Adamji Award, Abaseen Award, Kamal-e-Fun Award, and Hilal-e-Imtiyaz award, which he returned registering his displeasure with the country’s governance. He was decorated with Hilal-e-Pakistan award by the Government of Pakistan posthumously.  

Faraz started writing poetry while he was still a young college student. He emerged as a ghazal poet with an individual signature of his own. Even while he drew upon the traditional subjects of love and romance, he also wrote his age in his poetry with all its despairs and disappointments and produced some of the finest specimens of resistance poetry.  He was a prolific poet with several anthologies to his credit. These include Tanha Tanha, Dard-e-Aashob, Janan Janan, Shubkhoon, Merey Khwab Reza Reza, Beaawara Gali Koochon Mein, Nabeena Shar Mein Aaeena, Pus Andaz Mausam,  and Khwab-e-Gul Pareshan Hai. His translations of poetry are included in Sub Awazein Meri Hain. He also put together a selection from the poetry of Kunwar Mahinder Singh Bedi in Ai Ishq Junoon Pesha. His Kulliyat appeared with an inclusive title of Shahr-e-Sukhan Aaraasta Hai.


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