Author : Allama Iqbal

Publisher : Javed Iqbal

Year of Publication : 1938

Language : Urdu, Persian

Categories : Poetry

Sub Categories : Majmua

Pages : 280

Contributor : Majid Husain


About The Book

ارمغان حجاز علامہ اقبال کی شعری تصنیف ہے۔ یہ کتاب 1938ء میں شائع ہوئی۔ یہ کتاب علامہ اقبال کی وفات کے چند مہینے بعد شائع ہوئی۔ یہ کتاب اردو اور فارسی دونوں زبانوں کے کلام کا مجموعہ ہے۔ یہ کتاب علامہ اقبال کی نا مکمل کتابوں میں سے ہے جسے وہ حج کا فرض ادا کرنے اور دربارِ حضورﷺ کی حاضری کے بعد مکمل کرنے کا ارادہ رکھتے تھے، ان کا ارادہ تھا کہ وہ ارمغان حجاز لکھ کر حجاز مقدس میں اپنے ساتھ لے جائیں گے لیکن بیماری نے انہیں مہلت نہ دی اور وہ وفات پا گئے اور ان کی وفات کے کے بعد یہ کتاب شائع ہو سکی۔ یہ کتاب فراق حجاز کی پر فضا نغموں سے معمور ہے یہ وہ دور ہے جب علامہ علالت و پریشان کے حالات سے گزر رہے تھے، اس لئے ارمغان حجاز کے کلام میں جوش کے ساتھ سوز و گداز بھی پایا جاتا ہے،ارمغان حجاز اصل میں اقبال کا آخری ارمغان ملک و ملت ہے جس میں ان کے فکرو فلسفہ اور دعوت و پیام کے متنوع اور کثیر الجہات نقوش کی بو قلمونی ہے۔ عالم تصورات کا یہ سفرحجاز اقبال کے آخری تارِ نفس تک جاری رہا۔ زیر نظر اردو فارسی دونوں حصے شامل کتاب ہیں۔

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About The Author

Mohammad Iqbal (1877-1938), a descendant of a Kashmiri Brahmin family that had embraced Islam in the seventeenth century, was born and settled in Sialkot. After a traditional education in Arabic, Persian, and Urdu, he was exposed to a liberal education that defined the contours of his thought and his poetry during the entire period of his life. Beginning his educational career at the Scottish Mission School, he went on to acquire his M. A. in Philosophy, before joining Trinity College, and later earning the degree of Bar-at-Law. He furthered his education by getting the degree of doctorate from Germany on The Development of Metaphysics in Persia. He worked in different capacities at different points of time; he taught philosophy, practised law, got involved in politics, and also attended the second Round Table Conference. Even while he favoured the idea of the creation of Pakistan and is venerated there as the national poet, he wrote the famous patriotic song that celebrates the greatness of India.  King George V decorated him with knighthood and he was called Sir Mohammad Iqbal thereafter.

Iqbal wrote both in Persian and Urdu, and is often regarded as the poet-philosopher of the East who addressed the Muslim ummah, believed in the philosophy of wahdatul wujood, and propounded the philosohy of khudi, or selfhood, which called for self-realisation and the discovery of the hidden talent with love and perseverance. Beyond that lay the stages of complete submission and forgetfulness which, he thought, was the ultimate stage of khudi. Iqbal dreamt of the ‘complete man’ and also entered into a metaphoric dialogue with the divine. His poetry emerged as a remarkable site where message and art coalesced, as he re-configured major poetic devices like metaphor, myth, and symbol to re-visit history, philosophy and the Islamic faith to develop his individual vision. He has left behind his collections of poems, Asraar-e Khudi, Rumooz-e Bekhudi, Baang-e Daraa, Baal-e Jibreel, Payaam-e Mashriq, Zaboor-e ‘Ajm, Javed Naama, Zarb-e Kaleem, and Armaghaan-e Hijaz, apart from his lectures collected in English as The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam, and other works on the Eastern worldview.

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