by Ameer Khusrau

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Ameer Khusro Ki Sau Ghazlon Ka Urdu Ghazal Mein Tarjuma

by Ameer Khusrau

Author : Ameer Khusrau

Publisher : Ripin Printing Press, Lahore

Year of Publication : 1975

Language : Urdu, Persian

Categories : Translation, Sufism / Mystic

Sub Categories : Poetry

Pages : 213

Translator : Sufi Tabassum

Contributor : Anjuman Taraqqi Urdu (Hind), Delhi

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About The Book

امیر خسرو فارسی اور ہندوی کے صوفی شاعر ہیں۔ انہیں طوطی ہند کہا جاتا ہے۔ زیر نظر کتاب میں ان کی فارسی کی سو غزلوں کا اردو ترجمہ پیش کیا گیا ہے۔ یہ ترجمہ صوفی تبسم نے کیا ہے ۔ صوفی تبسم فارسی و اردو شاعری کے استاذ مانے جاتے ہیں۔ ان کی غزل گوئی کا سکہ اردو اور فارسی دونوں میں رائج ہے ۔وہ دونوں زبانوں کے لسانی مزاج کی نزاکتوں اور لطافتوں کے کامل رمز شناس ہیں جس کا اثر ترجمے میں بخوبی نظر آتا ہے۔ کمال کی بات یہ ہے کہ فارسی اشعار کا ترجمہ اردو اشعار میں کیا گیا ہے جو کہ انتہائی مشکل عمل ہے اور یہ فن میں کمال دسترس کا تقاضہ کرتا ہے ، مترجم نے ان تقاضوں کو بخوبی نبھایا ہے۔ ایک صفحہ پر اصل متن اور اس کے سامنے صفحے پر اس کا ترجمہ دیکھ کر پہلی نظر میں اصل اور ترجمہ میں اشتباہ ہو جاتا ہے مگر قرائت کے بعد یہ اشتباہ دور ہوجاتا ہے۔

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About The Author

Abul Hasan Yaminuddin, better known as Amir Khusrau (1252-1325) after being decorated with the title of Emir by one of his patrons, had the unique distinction of being a soldier, courtier, sufi, poet, litterateur, and music maestro. Although the details of his life and works remain uncertain to a considerable extent, we have much that help us construct his figure in various avatars that he richly represented. It has been generally agreed upon that after suffering the onslaughts of Chengez Khan, his father, a Turk chieftain, migrated to India during the reign of Shamsuddin Altamsh who gave him a high position in his army. Khusrau was born in Patiali in Etah district of Uttar Pradesh where his father had settled. While he was still eight years old, his father was killed in an army action after which his mother brought him to Delhi to live with his maternal grandfather who also passed away when he was only twenty years old. An extremely intelligent and resourceful person who honed many skills of poetry and courtly manners, he did not find it difficult to seek his source of sustenance when he was left on his own to do so. Khusrau had a unique distinction of serving with many princes, chiefs, and emperors like Malik Alauddin Kashlu Khan alias Malik Chhajju, Bughra Khan, Khan Mohammad, Sardar Hatim Khan, Kaikobad, Jalaluddin Firoze Khilji, Alauddin Khilji, Qutbuddin Mubarak Shah, Gheyasuddin Tughlaq and Mohammad Tughlaq. Even while he held high positions in several courts, he remained a devoted disciple of Hazrat Nizamuddin from whom he sought his spiritual strength, and at whose feet he lies buried.   

Khusrau was a very prolific author and poet of rare distinction. He is widely respected as a Persian, Hindavi, and Rekhta poet who evolved a unique diction and an inimitable language, beyond the apbhransha, for his literary expression.  He assigned a new role to human speech which is evident from the astounding variety of nearly a hundred works he produced in poetry and prose that broadly include several divans, mathnawis, treatises, and other compositions. Even though the number of his works cannot be ascertained for sure, nor can the authenticity of works ascribed to him be determined with any confidence, he remains an iconic poet on account of the works available from different sources. Moving beyond literature, Khusrau also made his contribution to music. He created ragas, developed khayal, tarana, qaul, and qawwali, as also invented tabla and sitar, the two instruments that clearly distinguish and characterise Indian music from others. Khusrau is extremely remarkable for defining the various forms and genres of literature and arts as the domains where the sublime and the plebeian could meet together and complement each other. He wrote on a variety of subjects that include patriotism, liberalism, integration, folk life, and the catholic values of living that emerge with a fine blending of social norms and cultural practices, as well as dialects and dictions. 



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