Ibadat Barelvi was born on August 14, 1920. After completing his education, he took up teaching. The first Anglo-Arabic college was established in Delhi but after the partition of the country it had migrated to Pakistan. There, Ibadat became associated with Oriental College, Punjab University in Lahore and later became the President of the Department of Urdu. He also became the Dean of the Faculty of Arts. He was also the principal of Oriental College. He resigned in 1980. Ibadat Barelvi has also taught at Ankara University, Turkey and the School of African Oriental Studies in London.
Ibadat Barelvi is a renowned critic and researcher of Urdu. Some of his books have been in the curriculum of various universities in India and Pakistan. This is one of the reasons for his fame. His contribution to Urdu criticism is unparalleled. Some of his works include, “Urdu Tanqiid Ka Irtiqa”, “Tanzqiidi Zawiye”, “Ghazal Aur Mutalla-e-Ghazal”, “Jadiid Urdu Adab”, “Mir Taqi Mir”, and many more. Ibadat Barelvi does not compile any school of criticism. Nor did he enter into the task of composing poetry. He is concerned with descriptive analysis. In such an analysis, from the initial stages of a genre to the evolutionary stages are all discussed.
He does not maintain their relationship with the layered complexity of literary issues, but deals with them on a spiritual level in such a way that the literary contexts that are usually on the surface become clear. He does not make their critical approach cumbersome but adopt the popular method of analysis. Usually, a critic infuses his knowledge in his analysis in such a way that the reader becomes tangled in the complex psychology of the expression, but Ibadat Barelvi does not weigh in his writings with such a load of knowledge. He is a master of simplifying everything.
His studies on Mir and Ghalib are considered far-reaching. He has tried to look at and understand these poets in a slightly different way. It seems that he is trying to give a clear direction to his criticism and also that he is trying to look at the internal affairs of his subjects. But these writings were works of his final days. Dr. Ibadat Barelvi died in November 1998 at the age of 78.