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kisī hālat meñ bhī tanhā nahīñ hone detī

hai yahī ek ḳharābī mirī tanhā.ī

kisi haalat mein bhi tanha nahin hone deti

hai yahi ek KHarabi meri tanhai ki

Farhat Ehsas

dushman-e-jāñ hai magar jaan se pyārā bhī hai

aisā is shahr meñ ik shaḳhs hamārā bhī hai

dushman-e-jaan hai magar jaan se pyara bhi hai

aisa is shahr mein ek shaKHs hamara bhi hai

Zia Zameer
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saañs letī hai vo zamīn 'firāq'

jis pe vo naaz se guzarte haiñ

sans leti hai wo zamin 'firaq'

jis pe wo naz se guzarte hain

Firaq Gorakhpuri
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ye faiz-e-ishq thā ki huī har ḳhatā muaaf

vo ḳhush na ho sake to ḳhafā bhī na ho sake

ye faiz-e-ishq tha ki hui har KHata muaf

wo KHush na ho sake to KHafa bhi na ho sake

Makhmoor Jalandhari

apnā bātin ḳhuub hai zāhir se bhī ai jān-e-jāñ

aañkh ke laḌne se pahle laḌā baiThe haiñ ham

apna baatin KHub hai zahir se bhi ai jaan-e-jaan

aankh ke laDne se pahle ji laDa baiThe hain hum

Hatim Ali Mehr


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relation/in respect (of)

kin darīchoñ ke charāġhoñ se hameñ nisbat thī

ki abhī jal nahīñ paa.e ki bujhā.e ga.e ham

kin darichon ke charaghon se hamein nisbat thi

ki abhi jal nahin pae ki bujhae gae hum


Quiz A collection of interesting questions related to Urdu poetry, prose and literary history. Play Rekhta Quiz and check your knowledge about Urdu!

Who amongst the following penned the nazm 'Barq-e-kaliisaa' ?
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Ascribed to the name of Raghupati Sahaye 'Firaq Gorakhpuri' is his distinct tone of poetry, deep affection for nature and beauty, interesting and unapologetic conversations, moody temperament, restless family life, and much more; something which has been extensively written about.
But did you know that after graduating in 1918, he was elected to the ICS and was also nominated by the government as Deputy Collector. But because he had joined the freedom struggle group, he resigned from the employement of the British Government. Firaq was also arrested in connection with boycotting the visit of the Princess of Wales to India. He was sentenced to one and a half years in jail and fined Rs. 500. He was in Agra Jail where there were also some other prisoners who, too, were fond of poetry and literature. Everyone got together and introduced the Tarahi Musharia to the jail. At the first Mushaira in the jail, Firaq memorably recited the following couplet from one of his Ghazals:

Ahl-e-zindaa.n ki ye mahfil hai subuut is kaa 'Firaaq'
ki bikhar kar bhi ye shiiraaza pareshaa.n na huaa

After his release from jail, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru made him the Under Secretary of the All India Congress Committee.
Later, Firaq became associated with the Allahabad University as an English Lecturer.


Mujra doesn't solely mean women singing and performing at gatherings for the entertainment of the audiences; something which is now considered a form of dance, thanks to Hindi movies. The word Mujra is also used in Urdu literature to mean Salaam (greetings), in the works of poets, in Urdu prose and in Hindi, it often appears in the same sense.
Ram Jharoke baith ke sab ka Mujra let
Jaisi jaakii chaakari waisa usko det
From the word Mujra, stems forth the word Mujra’i, that is one who greets or does the Salaam. This word has been used entirely differently in Urdu Marsiya (elegy). In the opening-verse of a Marsiya composed in the form of a quatrain, ghazal, or Qita the word Mujra or Salaam is used.
Hussain yun hue aye mujra’i watan se judaa
Ki jaise bulbul-e-naa-shaad ho chaman se judaa
Moreover, Mujra is also in the sense of computing and accounting. For instance, take the expression ‘Aap ke hisaab mein se itni raqam mujra kar dii gaii’, that is ‘your account has been deducted with so and so amount’.



The following incident is neither of contemporary rivalry nor of the difference between the poetry schools of Lucknow and Delhi, it’s about a misunderstanding between two poets from Delhi and Lucknow about a single couplet which remained a matter of concern for years. On the one hand, there was the famous Ustad from Lucknow, Aziz Lakhnavi, who even took under his wing poet Josh Malihabadi for a while, and on the other hand, there was Bekhud Dehlavi, who was considered the successor of Dagh Dehlvi.
At a Mushaira in Lucknow, where Bekhud Dehlavi was also invited, he read the following couplet among others:
Naa-Kamiyon mein guzri bad-namiyon mein guzri
Umr-e-Aziiz guzri sab khamiyon mein guzri
Also present at the Mushaira was Aziz Lakhnavi, who took the couplet as an attack on him. What followed was all the participants staring at Bekhud Dehlvi with angry eyes. When Bekhud came to know that his couplet was considered as a mockery of Aziz Lakhnavi, he apologized morally. But his apology was not accepted and all the poets of that time disdained him behind the scenes and this disdain did not go away from their hearts throughout their lives. When Bekhud saw his moral apology being rejected, he started reciting this couplet before reading out the rest of his poems at every Mushaira. This rose to crescendo where Bekhud was not invited at any Mushaira where Aziz was invited, and Aziz, too, avoided those Mushairas where Bekhud was invited.



Lutfullah Khan had recorded and preserved the recitals and discourses of 5,000 important personalities, singers, musicians, writers and poets over a period of half a century. Now this treasure has come to YouTube and gained worldwide fame. What is special about it is that many writers and poets have recorded things about themselves that are not found anywhere else. In this treasure, all of Faiz Ahmad Faiz's poems are present in his voice which he recorded in installments over a period of 25 years. Whenever he recited a new Nazm or ghazal, he would go and record it with Khan Sahib.
Lutfullah Khan (1916-2012), was born in Madras (Chennai). He lived in Bombay for ten years and after the partition of India he moved to Karachi where he owned an advertising company. From an early age he was fascinated with the fine arts and knew a great deal about music. He was a singer and photographer himself. He also used to write poetry in his youth. He is the author of several books based on music and his memoirs. In his book "Tamashay-e-Ahl-e-Qalam" he pens his meetings and memories with some famous writers and poets in a very interesting way in the form of articles.



A songwriter of 151 film songs, the mellifluous poet Jaan Nisar Akhtar is also the author of numerous Ghazal and Nazm collections. He started writing ghazals at the age of thirteen. It was his father Muztar Khairabadi, a poet and songwriter, from whom Jaan Nisar had inherited poetry imbued in Ganga-Jamni Tahzeeb: an inheritence which his son Javed Akhtar has kept well.
During his time as a student, Jaan Nisar Akhtar had penned a Nazm titled 'Girl's College Ki Laari', which became extremely famous. Once, at a Mushaira in Aligarh University, where Jigar Sahib was also present, it was obvious that the curtains be brought down after Jigar's recital. But the students raised hell, demanding Jaan Nisar to recite 'Girl's College Ki Laari', which he eventually had to.
Years later, another important work of his gained prominence by virtue of women. It was 'Ghar-Angan', a collection of Rubais and Qitas which brought to the fore married life and the housewife for the first time in Urdu poetry and afforded both a special distinction. He also added to women's literature by publishing letters from his late,  loving wife Safia Akhtar. The Nazm 'Khamosh-Awaz', written by him on her first death anniversary, brings out a unique shade of love, as the late wife consoles her grieving husband.

kitne din meñ aa.e ho sāthī mere sote bhaag jagāne 
mujh se alag is ek baras meñ kyā kyā biitī tum pe na jaane 



Firaq Gorakhpuri

Firaq Gorakhpuri


One of the most influential Pre-modern poets who paved the way for the modern Urdu ghazal. Known for his perceptive critical comments. Recipient of Gyanpeeth award.

kuchh ishāre the jinheñ duniyā samajh baiThe the ham

us nigāh-e-āshnā ko kyā samajh baiThe the ham

kuchh ishaare the jinhen duniya samajh baiThe the hum

us nigah-e-ashna ko kya samajh baiThe the hum

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E-Books Library

Kulliyat-e-Anwar Shaoor

Anwar Shuoor 

2015 Kulliyat

Iqbal Dulhan

Bashiruddin Ahmad Dehlvi 

1908 Moral and Ethical

Mughal Tahzeeb

Mahboob-Ullah Mujeeb 


Audhoot Ka Tarana


1958 Nazm

Shumara Number-002

Dr. Mohammad Hasan 

1970 Asri Adab

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