Today's top 5

dostī aam hai lekin ai dost

dost miltā hai baḌī mushkil se

friendship is commonplace my dear

but friends are hard to find I fear

dosti aam hai lekin ai dost

dost milta hai baDi mushkil se

friendship is commonplace my dear

but friends are hard to find I fear

Hafeez Hoshiarpuri

vo koī dost thā achchhe dinoñ

jo pichhlī raat se yaad aa rahā hai

wo koi dost tha achchhe dinon ka

jo pichhli raat se yaad aa raha hai

Nasir Kazmi

haTā.e the jo raah se dostoñ

vo patthar mire ghar meñ aane lage haiñ

haTae the jo rah se doston ki

wo patthar mere ghar mein aane lage hain

Khumar Barabankavi

aa ki tujh bin is tarah ai dost ghabrātā huuñ maiñ

jaise har shai meñ kisī shai kamī paatā huuñ maiñ

aa ki tujh bin is tarah ai dost ghabraata hun main

jaise har shai mein kisi shai ki kami pata hun main

Jigar Moradabadi

ye kahāñ dostī hai ki bane haiñ dost nāseh

koī chārasāz hotā koī ġham-gusār hotā

ye kahan ki dosti hai ki bane hain dost naseh

koi chaarasaz hota koi gham-gusar hota

Mirza Ghalib
WORD OF THE DAY

qurb

  • क़ुर्ब
  • قُرْب

means

nearness

aaj mujhe apnī āñkhoñ se us ke qurb ḳhushbū aa.ī

merī nazar se us ne shāyad apne-āp ko dekhā hogā

aaj mujhe apni aankhon se us ke qurb ki KHushbu aai

meri nazar se us ne shayad apne-ap ko dekha hoga

DICTIONARY

Quiz A collection of interesting questions related to Urdu poetry, prose and literary history. Play Rekhta Quiz and check your knowledge about Urdu!

Which of the following experts in Ghalib studies compiled the documented and undocumented poetry of Ghalib?
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DID YOU KNOW ?

Asrarul

Majaz's revolutionary poems were very popular in his time. Once in Bombay a laborer asked him “Aap apni wo waali Nazm sunaiye jisme aapne kahaa hai- Rahbarii Chaluu rahii, Paighambari Chaluu rahii, Zar-garii Chaluu rahii.”

It was his Nazm “Khwab-e-Sahar”. Majaz recited the entire Nazm smilingly and read the above couplet with the refrain of “Chaluu Rahii”, instead of reading the original verse which was:

rahbarii jaarii rahii paiGambarii jaarii rahii
diin ke parde me.n ja.ng-e-zargarii jaarii rahii

The original couplet had “Jaari Rahi” instead of “Chaluu Rahi”

At another Labor’s procession, some laborers requested him to recite the Nazm in which he had written “Laal JhanDa hai humaare haath mein”.

Here too, for the delight of the laborers, Majaz did not allude to the original line which was:

“Aaj JhanDa hai humaare haath mein”

And, read the word “Laal” instead of “Aaj”

DID YOU KNOW ?

Fana

Fana Nizami Kanpuri (1922-1988), one of the most famous poets of Mushaira during his time, did not publish his collection of poems because he opined, ‘if all my Ghazals came to the notice of everyone, then what would be left recite in Mushairas where the audiences request a new Ghazal every time?’
Fana Nizami Kanpuri’s enchanting Tarannum, fresh expression, and charming personality used to steal the show at Mushairas, which were his livelihood. One of his couplets is extremely popular:
tark-e-ta.alluqaat ko ik lamha chaahiye
lekin tamaam umr mujhe sochnaa pa.Daa

He was very religious, kept a long beard and always wore Sherwani, but the mention of alcohol abounds in his couplets. He recited the following couplet at a Mushaira in Karachi:
Main Sharabi Nahin Hun Shayar Hun
Istilaahan Sharaab piitaa Hun
(I am poet, not a drunkard; I drink, in the limits of poetry)
Also present there was Josh Malihabadi who furiously stood up and uttered at once:
“Main Sharabi nahin hun Mullah hun”

DID YOU KNOW ?

Saqi

“Bahraam Ki Wapasi”. No, it's not the title of a detective novel but a collection of poems by Saqi Farooqi (1936-2018). He wrote his autobiography under the title “Aap-Biiti, Paap-Biiti”, and recorded such insights in it which other writers normally don’t. He was truly a unique author and a forthright poet and critic.

Born in Gorakhpur, India, he lived in Karachi and Bangladesh and then moved to England where he became trained as a computer programmer. In his life and poetry, Saqi Farooqi was famous for surprising those around him with his creative novelties and outspoken style of conversing.

There was also a time during his life when he used to wear a thick necklace around his neck.

He was also quite fond of animals. When his pet tortoise died, he made a grave in his  beautiful lawn and wrote a Nauha (lament); while affectionately raising a dog, he read all the literature related to dogs; and even raised two tomcats, one named "Sher Khan" and the other "Ram Raj".

DID YOU KNOW ?

Ever wondered what’s the connection between the word ‘Pahar’ and ‘Pahre-Daar’? In ancient India, ‘Pahar’ used to be the unit of keeping time - with each day consisting of 8 Pahars, and each Pahar as long as 3 hours.

During each Pahar, a ‘Pahre-Daar’ would be performing watchmanship, and at the end of each hour, he would strike a metal bell and announce that he was on guard; besides, it was also the way to know what time it was. ‘Pahar’ is derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Prahar’.

The word ‘Pahre-Daar’, however, has now been limited to meanings such as watchman, guard, or sentry. In Urdu poetry, the phrases ‘Aath Pahar’, ‘Raat Ke Pichhle Pahar’, and ‘Sih-Pahar’ are abundantly found. Like:
sih-pahar hī se koī shakl banātī hai ye shaam
ḳhud jo rotī hai mujhe bhī to rulātī hai ye shaam

In Persian, ‘Sih’ means three. And, the third Pahar of a day is also known as ‘Sih-Pahar’.

DID YOU KNOW ?

Khwaja

Famous author, journalist, and film director Khawaja Ahmad Abbas is known for his fearless writing and expression. His far-reaching films and columns are a testament to this. Before working for the Blitz, he was associated with the Bombay Chronicle where he was entrusted with the job of writing film reviews; a job for which, to your great surprise, he saw nearly 300 native and foreign films ins preparation.
In 1939, V Shanta Ram's film 'Aadmi' was to be released, but saw repeated postponements. On this, Abbas wrote, ‘may be Shanta Ram’s “Aadmi” was coming to Bombay on foot from Poona and perhaps he had fallen asleep under a tree on the way.’. Shanta Ram was quite put off with this remark, and subsequently, when ‘Aadmi’ released, he did not invite Abbas to see the film as a journalist. But Abbas went on to see the film over 18 times, spending from his own pocket, and wrote a detailed 7-column article in the film’s appreciation.

Today's Special

Noon Meem Rashid

Noon Meem Rashid

1910-1975

One of the founding-fathers of modern Urdu poetry.

raqs

ai mirī ham-raqs mujh ko thaam le

zindagī se bhaag kar aayā huuñ maiñ

ai meri ham-raqs mujh ko tham le

zindagi se bhag kar aaya hun main

See Full Nazm

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E-Books Library

Kulliyat-e-Anwar Shaoor

Anwar Shuoor 

2015 Kulliyat

Iqbal Dulhan

Bashiruddin Ahmad Dehlvi 

1908 Moral and Ethical

Mughal Tahzeeb

Mahboob-Ullah Mujeeb 

1965

Audhoot Ka Tarana

 

1958 Nazm

Shumara Number-002

Dr. Mohammad Hasan 

1970 Asri Adab

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