subh-e-watan

Chakbast Brij Narayan

Indian Press, Allahabad
1927 | More Info

About The Book

Description

حب وطن سے معمور نظموں کے خالق پنڈت برج نارئن چکبست ،اردو شاعری میں بحیثیت نظم گو شاعر معروف ہیں۔انھوں نے شعر گوئی کا آغازنہ نظم نگاری سے کیا اور نہ ہی کسی کو باقاعدہ استاد بنایا۔چکبست کو دور ،وہ دور تھا جب ہم وطن کی جدوجہد آزادی میں زور شور سے حصہ لے رہے تھے۔چکبست بھی اپنے ملک کی آزادی کے متمنی تھے ۔ان کی بیشتر نظمیں جدوجہد آزادی کی مظہر ہیں اور آزادی ء ہند کی حمایت کرتی نظر آتی ہیں۔ان کی نظمیں نوجوانوں کے احساسات و جذبات کی عکاس ہیں۔"صبح وطن" چکبست کا شعری مجموعہ ہے۔جو ایک ایسا عظیم کارنامہ ہے ،جس میں شاعر کا جذبہ ءحب الوطنی عیاں ہے۔مجموعہ میں شامل ان کی نظمیں حب الوطنی ،قومی یکجہتی،جدوجہد آزادی ،مناظر فطرت اور ہندوستانی تہذیب وثقافت کی عکاس ہیں تو غزلیں ان کے منفرد لب ولہجہ کی تصویرپیش کررہی ہیں۔ مجموعہ میں چکبست کے حالات کے علاوہ چارحصوں کے تحت نظمیں ہیں۔ جبکہ ایک حصہ کے تحت غزلیں ہیں۔ اس کے علاوہ کچھ رباعیات اور ایک ظریفانہ نظم بھی شامل ہے۔

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About The Author

Chakbast Brij Narayan

Chakbast Brij Narayan

Brij Narayan Chakbast (1882-1926), who hailed from a family of the Kashmiri Brahmins, was born in Rathor Haveli, Faizabad but migrated to Lucknow early in his life. Receiving his initial education in Urdu and Persian from a maulavi, he also got exposure to classical literature in these languages as he grew up. As for his formal education, he acquired his degrees of Matriculation in 1900, F. A. in 1902, B. A. in 1905, and Bachelor of Laws in 1907. Chakbast was acutely conscious of the socio-political conditions of his time which is borne out by his active participation in creating Kashmiri Young Men’s Association, establishing Bahadur Library, expressing his views on Home Rule, and a joining host of other issues and activities. He joined Lucknow Bar and emerged as one of its most distinguished members. His career as a poet and an individual of acute socio-political consciousness was cut short with his premature death following a paralysis at the Railway station in Rae Bareilly where he had gone to argue a case in the court of law.  Chakbast is respected and remembered as a man of remarkable poise; he was guided by a fine balance of reason and emotion in his thought and action.

Chakbast who maintained his cultural identity with pride was a truly secular person with equal reverence for all communities and faiths. He wrote a kind of poetry that was both nationalistic and ameliorative in purpose. While he was influenced by Mirza Ghalib, Meer Anis and Haider Ali Atish as a poet, he drew upon Gandhi, Annie Besant, Gokhale, Ranade, and such others as a politically and socially conscious being. He wrote ghazals but chose to express himself primarily in nazm which he cultivated as a form suitable for writing natural poetry. Subh-e-Watan, his collection of poems, published posthumously in 1926, is divided into five sections and has poems on patriotic, nationalistic, religious, reformative, and political themes. Even though writing on such issues is liable to collapse into propaganda, Chakbast saved his poetry from such lapses. His works in prose and poetry are marked both by simplicity and spontaneity that find an immediate appeal with the readers. He evolved his own poetics which is evident from his literary essays which he published at various places and in Kashmir Darpan. His poetical works were put together as Kulliyat-e Chakbast in 1981.    

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