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yaar maiñ itnā bhūkā huuñ

dhokā bhī khā letā huuñ

yar main itna bhuka hun

dhoka bhi kha leta hun

Aks samastipuri
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shaam utrī hai phir ahāte meñ

jism par raushnī ke ghaav liye

sham utri hai phir ahate mein

jism par raushni ke ghaw liye

Bakul Dev

yaad karne pe bhī dost aa.e na yaad

dostoñ ke karam yaad aate rahe

yaad karne pe bhi dost aae na yaad

doston ke karam yaad aate rahe

Khumar Barabankavi

zindagī bhī yaqīnan koī manzil hogī

ye safar tarah ek safar hai ki nahīñ

zindagi ki bhi yaqinan koi manzil hogi

ye safar hi ki tarah ek safar hai ki nahin

Matin Niazi
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bahār aa.e to ḳhud laala o nargis batā deñge

ḳhizāñ ke daur meñ dilkash gulistānoñ pe kyā guzrī

bahaar aae to KHud hi lala o nargis bata denge

KHizan ke daur mein dilkash gulistanon pe kya guzri

Sikandar Ali Wajd


  • अज़ीज़-तर
  • عزیز تر



azīz-tar mujhe rakhtā hai vo rag-e-jāñ se

ye baat sach hai mirā baap kam nahīñ maañ se

aziz-tar mujhe rakhta hai wo rag-e-jaan se

ye baat sach hai mera bap kam nahin man se


Quiz A collection of interesting questions related to Urdu poetry, prose and literary history. Play Rekhta Quiz and check your knowledge about Urdu!

Who amongst the following authored the biographical account 'Tazkira Nikatush Shora' ?
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Kishwar Nahid is a well-known poetess, writer and translator, much-known for her feminist ideas. She penned a synopsis of the book ‘Second Sex’, written by French author Simone de Beauvoir on women, titled ‘Aurat’, and added precedents from her own society to it. The book became very popular. In a month’s time, five thousand copies of the book were sold in Pakistan. Many students of the university also bought it. But contrarily, in 1997, a case was filed against Kishwar for writing obscene content in this book. Consequently, the book was banned. 

In this regard, Kishwar herself records that the area’s SP came to her office and said:
“Mujhe aapko giriftaar karne ka hukm hai. Lekin mujhe achha nahin lagega. Aap Ba-rah-e-Mihrbani (please) chali jaaen.”
Kishwar did not accept his request and went into custody with him, in the meanwhile a friend of hers bailed her out. The book was then legally contested, famous lawyer Ijaz Batalvi, who was also a poet and writer, advocated on Kishwar’s behalf and won.
Kishwar Nahid‘s autobiography "Buri Aurat ki Kathaa" is a testament to her feminist ideas, life struggles, forthrightness, and courage.



The Ghazal, “Insha Ji Uthho Kuuch Karo is shahr mein dil ko lagaana kyaa” is numbered among the most popular ghazals in Urdu. Its creator, Ibn-e-Insha (1927-1978), was a famous poet, columnist, author, translator and humorist.
And you know what, he was perhaps the first Urdu poet to use in Urdu the famous genre of Punjabi poetry "Sii-Harfi" which comprises four-versed stanzas, all of which begin with each letter of the Urdu alphabet. Also, in these stanzas, the themes are not limited by any means. 
This is how Ibn-e-Insha has used it in his Nazm ‘Amn Ka Akhiri Din’:
‘Pe’ wo palTan hai kih uD kar sar-e- maidaa.n pahunchii
‘Pe’ wo pyaare hain kih maidaa.n se na wapis aaye
‘Te’ wo tamGa hai kih barso.n kii riyaazat se mile
Aur kisii laash kii chhaatii pe chamakta rah jaae
Ibn-e-Insha’s real name was Sher Muhammad Khan. He was also deeply interested in world literature. Moreover, he was so influenced by the famous American poet and writer Edgar Allan Poe that he called him "Guru Dev".



Originally a Kashmiri Pandit but truly a Dilli waala by heart, Anand Mohan Zutshi ‘Gulzar’ Dehlvi’s (1926-2020) entire parentage devoted itself selflessly to the progress of Urdu language. Gulzar Dehlvi was a paragon of our composite culture, Urdu language and literature, and our age-old Ganga-Jamuni culture. He revered Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya and regularly used to visit his tomb to pay his tributes. Whenever he went out of the house, he would be dressed in a Jawahar cut Topi and a sherwani upon which a fresh rose would be inevitably smiling. In his long life, he graced innumerable Mushairas and in his own unalike style held high the banner of Urdu language. He founded Anjuman-e-Ta'meer-e-Urdu in 1946 and organized several poetry festivals and literary summits under it. The likes of Jigar Moradabadi, Maulvi Abdul Haq, Jawaharlal Nehru, Hussain Ahmad Madani, Abul Kalam Azad, Allama Niyaz Fatehpuri, Josh Malihabadi and many others took pride in their companionship with Gulzar Sahib.



In 1932, there took place a ‘Dariyaaii Mushaira’. Summers were on, and famous poet Anand Narayan Mulla in association with the literary organization ‘Bahar-e-Adab’ organized a Mushaira above the waters of the Gomti river by erecting a pavilion over it. This pavilion stood over canisters which are used in preparing bridges, and was fastened with thick ropes and nailed to the shore with pegs. When everyone was onboard, the ropes were untied and this "Mushaira-Gaah" looked like a glorious canopied-boat.
The hemistich that was set for this Tarahi Mushaira was:
Dariyaa kii ravaanii hai bahtaa huaa pani hai
Anand Narayan Mulla (1901-1997) was an Urdu-lover. His quote, ‘Main apnaa mazhab chhod sakta hun lekin Urdu ko nahin chhod saktaa’. He was a Kashmiri but his family had settled in Lucknow for many generations. He was a prolific poet and a prominent jurist of the country. He was also a judge of Allahabad High Court.



Seemab Akbarabadi (1880-1951) was a famous poet and the founder of the well-known monthly "Shair", a literary magazine which his grandson now publishes from Mumbai, and one which will be soon completing the centenary of its publication. Seemab had hundreds of pupils; he himself gave an account of one of them.
In a mushaira at someone's house in Ajmer, a man took out Seemab’s ghazal from his pocket, and, after a while, even started reciting it in front of the latter. The couplets that the audiences were praising were praised by Seemab, likewise. In the meantime, Seemab had penned 15 other couplets, and when it was his turn to take the stage, he recited this newly-written Ghazal. The next day, the same man came to him and said, ‘I was testing you, and you succeeded. If there was any other poet, he would have been furious that it was Ghazal that was being recited by someone else. I welcome your tutelage.’ Seemab replied, ‘There is no evidence that the Ghazal wasn’t yours; was mine.’
Nevertheless, the gentleman became Seemab’s pupil.
Perhaps you don’t know, but this famous couplet belongs to Seemab Akbarabadi:
umr-e-daraaz ke laa.ii thii chaar din
do aarzuu me.n kaT ga.e do intizaar me.n
which is often attributed to Bahadur Shah Zafar; a claim long-debated and much-researched upon.



Prominent post-modern poet from Mumbai having an unconventional style.

baḌī sard raat thī kal magar baḌī aañch thī baḌā taav thā

sabhī tāpte rahe raat bhar tirā zikr kyā thā alaav thā



baDi sard raat thi kal magar baDi aanch thi baDa taw tha

sabhi tapte rahe raat bhar tera zikr kya tha alaw tha



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