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Rashidul Khairi

Kutub Khana Naziriya, Delhi
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  • Sub Title

    Gadar Ki Mari Shahzadiyan

  • Contributor

    Rekhta

  • Categories

    Biography, History

  • Pages

    90

About The Book

Description

مصور غم علامہ راشد الخیری کی یہ ایک درد انگیز اور دل دہلا دینے والی کتاب ہے جس میں انہوں نے غدر کی ماری شہزادیوں کا حال بیان کیا ہے۔1857 کی جنگ آزادی نہ صرف ہندوستان کی آزادی کی جوالہ تھی بلکہ ہر ڈھڑکتے دل کی خواہش بھی تھی کہ وہ آزادی کی زندگی جی سکیں۔ مگر کچھ وجوہات سے اس جنگ کا پردہ قبل از وقت فاش ہو گیا اور پھر انگریزوں کے ظلم و ستم کی داستان شروع ہوئی جس میں سب سے زیادہ نقصان مسلمانوں کا ہوا ان میں بھی بہادر شاہ ظفر سلطان دہلی کو اس کی بھاری قیمت چکانی پڑی ان کی جوان اولادوں کے سر قلم کر دئے گئے اور ناشتہ میں انہیں پیش کیا گیا۔ اس سے بھی ابتر حالت حرم شاہی کی ہوئی جو نہ صرف اپنی عزت بچا رہی تھیں بلکہ انہیں خود کو عوام سے بھی بچنے کی ضرورت تھی کیونکہ وہ عوام میں بھی اپنی شکل اور ویش بھوشہ کی وجہ سے پہچانی جاتی تھیں اور ان کی خبر انگریزوں کو پہونچ سکتی تھی اسی لئے انہوں نے اپنے لباس فقیروں سے بدل دئے اور ان کے لباس خود پہن لئے تاکہ انہیں پکڑا نہ جا سکے۔ اور کسی طرح سے اپنے جان اور عزت بچا کر زندہ رہنے کی اس جد و جہد میں انہوں نے بہت ہی کم درجے کے کام کئے اور فقیرانہ زندگیاں بتائیں۔ ان کی خونچکاں داستانوں کو اس کتاب میں بیان کیا گیا ہے۔ علامہ کی زبان یقینی طور پر قلب پر اثر انداز ہوتی ہے اس لئے کتاب پڑھ کر دل بھر جاتا ہے اور من رو پڑتا ہے۔

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About The Author

Rashidul Khairi

Rashidul Khairi

One of Urdu most prominent names in the genre of novel-writing, Rashidul Khairi was born in 1868 in Delhi. His father's name was Abdul Wahid who worked in Hyderabad. His predecessors were associated with the Mughal emperors as their teachers. Also, Deputy Nazir Ahmad was the uncle of Rashidul Khairi.

Rashidul Khairi’s father died when he was very young, so the task of his upbringing fell on his grandfather. His uncle also continued to help. He studied Arabic, Persian and Urdu at home according to the customs of the time, but later entered an English-medium school. Upon the completion of his education, he took up a government job in 1891 and remained associated with it. When he retired in 1910, he began writing and gave many valuable novels to Urdu literature. He died at the age of 68. That is, he died in 1936.

As told above, Nazir Ahmad was a huge influence on Rashidul Khairi. Nazir Ahmed made women's reform the subject of his novels. Under his influence, Rashid al-Khairi drew attention to women's issues and tried to cover topics not only in his novels but also in articles that were based on the situation and reform of women at that time. He published several magazines. Of which "Ismat" is the most famous. Other magazines like "Binat", "Tamaddun", "Johar-e-niswan" and "Sohaili" were also published from time to time. He also set up an institution for the education and training of women called ‘Tarkeeb-gaah-e-Binaat’.

Rashidul had a sentinel heart, he realized that the women of his time were very oppressed. Their position in society should not be as it should be. Then the backwardness of the customs of that time became even more severe. Therefore, he does not refrain from condemning vile and ugly rituals and constantly deny such rituals. But he also rebuked Western civilization. Some critics disagree with Rashid al-Khairi's novels because they have given the woman the idea of a virgin but have taken away her pride of being a partner. To him, it is a statue of dignity, sincerity, self-sacrifice, sacrifice, purity and truth that makes no mistake. There are no major flaws, no weaknesses and this is a one-sided picture.

Some of his important novels are, "Amna Ka Lal", "Syeda Ka Lal", "Al-Zabiha", "Urus-e-Karbala", "Mah-e-Ajam", "Nani Anshu", “Anguthi Ka Raz”, “Subh-e-Zindagi”, “Sham-e-Zindagi” "Sarab Maghrib", "Tamgha-e-Shiatani", "Hayat Saleh", "Bint Al-Waqt", "Wadaa Khatun" etc. He died at the age of 68, in 1936.

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