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Author : Mirza Farhatullah Beg

Publisher : Abdul Haq Academy, Hyderabad

Origin : Hyderabad, India

Year of Publication : 1948

Language : Urdu

Categories : Humorous

Sub Categories : Prose

Pages : 90

Contributor : Rekhta

char kahaniyan
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About The Book

مرزا فرحت اللہ بیگ کو اردو ادب کے کامیاب مزاح نگاروں میں بلند مقام حاصل ہے وہ محقق، دانشور، انشاپرداز بھی تھے لیکن ان کی وجہ شہرت مزاح نگاری ہے- یہی ان کافن ہے اور اس فن کے اظہار کے لئے شخصیت نگاری ان کا محبوب موضوع ہے- مرزا فرحت اللہ بیگ نے جب ہوش سنبھالا تو ان کے ارد گرد انگریزی اقتدار کے سائے گہرے ہو رہے تھے۔مغل تہذیب اور قدیم اقدار کے اثرات مٹ رہے تھے۔ انہوں نے مٹتے ہوئے تہذیب و تمدن کو" دہلی کا ایک یادگار مشاعرہ" جیسی تحاریر سے محفوظ رکھنے کی کوشش کی۔زیر نظر کتاب "چار کہانیاں"یہ چار غیر ملکی ایرانی، ترکی ،روسی اور جرمنی کہانیوں کا ترجمہ ہے۔ ان چاروں کہانیوں کو عبد الحق اکیڈمی حیدرآباد نے 1948ء میں کتابی شکل میں شائع کیاہے۔ ان کہانوں میں سب سے مزے کی چیر مرزا فرحت اللہ بیگ کا اسلوب خاص ہے، جس نے ان عام کہانیوں کو بہت خاص بنا دیا ہے۔

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About The Author

Mirza Farhatullah Baig is among Urdu Satire’s most popular names. His Khakaa, or Sketches, are quite distinguished and his natural sense of humor is instrumental in making them dear to every reader’s heart.He wrote on various topics. He turned his attention to criticism, fiction, biography, biography, society and morals, but his real fame revolved around humorous literature.

He was a resident of Delhi. His ancestors came from Turkestan during the reign of Shah Alam II and made Delhi their homeland. Mirza was born here in 1884, and his early education also took place here. While studying in college, he met Maulvi Nazir Ahmed. He not only learned Arabic language and literature from him but also accepted the profound influence of his personality. After graduation he went to Hyderabad. He held various positions there and died in 1947.

His book "Dilli ka Akhiri Mushaira" is a paragon of muraqqa’ painting. He had seen Maulvi Nazir Ahmad very closely and for many years. He masterfully portrayed Nazir Ahmad in his Khaaka, “Maulvi Nazir Ahmad Ki Kahaani, Kuch Un Ki Kuchh Meri Zabaani”. This Khaaka gave him eternal fame. Maulvi Wahiduddin Saleem liked this Khaaka so much that he summoned Baig to write one on him. After Saleem’s death, Mirza complied with this order and named the Khaaka “Ek Vasiiat Kii Taamiil Mein '' .He wrote a large number of articles which have been published in seven volumes under the name of Farhat. He also wrote poetry but this is not his forte.

He has great command over the everyday language of Delhi and humor is the hallmark of his writing. Reading his articles, the reader gets a mental pleasure. When he writes on a subject or a person, he does not ignore the small things. This detailing is all the more pleasing to the reader.

Mirza Farhatullah Baig is actually a satirist. One of the reasons for their popularity is that he protects his writings from a forced philosophical depth and seriousness as much as possible. And tries to make the reader enjoy themselves as much as possible.

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