Author : Mirza Farhatullah Beg

Publisher : Urdu Academy, Delhi

Year of Publication : 2003

Language : Urdu

Categories : Humorous, Essays & Profiles

Sub Categories : Profiles, Prose

Pages : 147

ISBN No./ISSN NO : 81-7121-060-0

Contributor : Aslam Parvez

dehli ki aakhiri shama

About The Book

مرزا فرحت اللہ بیگ نے غیر منقسم ہندوستان میں برطانوی راج کا عروج بھی دیکھا اور اُسے کمزور ہوکر ہندوستان چھوڑنے پر مجبور بھی دیکھا۔ اُن کے ابتدائی زمانے میں اگرچہ مغل سلطنت دم توڑ چکی تھی، تاہم وہ ثقافت اور رنگ ڈھنگ کہیں نہ کہیں باقی تھے۔ مرزا نے ان رنگوں کو اپنی تحریروں میں بڑی خوبصورتی سے قید کرلیا ہے۔ آپ کو جزئیات نگاری میں ملکہ حاصل تھا۔ داستان بیان کرتے ہوئے منظر کشی ایسی کرتے ہیں کہ ایک ایک رنگ نمایاں ہوجاتا ہے۔ زیر نظر کتاب 1857 سے دس سال قبل کی دہلی کا تہذیبی مرقع ہے اور ایک اہم تہذیبی دستاویز ہے۔ جب مغل تہذیب اور قدیم اقدار کے اثرات مٹ رہے تھے۔ انہوں نے مٹتے ہوئے تہذیب و تمدن کو" دہلی کا ایک یادگار مشاعرہ" جیسی تحریر سے محفوظ رکھنے کی کوشش کی۔ اسی یادگار مشاعرہ کو "دہلی کی آخری شمع" کے نام سے دہلی اردو اکیڈمی نے پیش کیا ہے۔ جس پر صلاح الدین صاحب کا بیش قیمتی مقدمہ بھی پڑھنے سے تعلق رکھتا ہے۔

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About The Author

Mirza Farhatullah Baig is among Urdu Satire’s most popular names. His Khakaa, or Sketches, are quite distinguished and his natural sense of humor is instrumental in making them dear to every reader’s heart.He wrote on various topics. He turned his attention to criticism, fiction, biography, biography, society and morals, but his real fame revolved around humorous literature.

He was a resident of Delhi. His ancestors came from Turkestan during the reign of Shah Alam II and made Delhi their homeland. Mirza was born here in 1884, and his early education also took place here. While studying in college, he met Maulvi Nazir Ahmed. He not only learned Arabic language and literature from him but also accepted the profound influence of his personality. After graduation he went to Hyderabad. He held various positions there and died in 1947.

His book "Dilli ka Akhiri Mushaira" is a paragon of muraqqa’ painting. He had seen Maulvi Nazir Ahmad very closely and for many years. He masterfully portrayed Nazir Ahmad in his Khaaka, “Maulvi Nazir Ahmad Ki Kahaani, Kuch Un Ki Kuchh Meri Zabaani”. This Khaaka gave him eternal fame. Maulvi Wahiduddin Saleem liked this Khaaka so much that he summoned Baig to write one on him. After Saleem’s death, Mirza complied with this order and named the Khaaka “Ek Vasiiat Kii Taamiil Mein '' .He wrote a large number of articles which have been published in seven volumes under the name of Farhat. He also wrote poetry but this is not his forte.

He has great command over the everyday language of Delhi and humor is the hallmark of his writing. Reading his articles, the reader gets a mental pleasure. When he writes on a subject or a person, he does not ignore the small things. This detailing is all the more pleasing to the reader.

Mirza Farhatullah Baig is actually a satirist. One of the reasons for their popularity is that he protects his writings from a forced philosophical depth and seriousness as much as possible. And tries to make the reader enjoy themselves as much as possible.

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