Author : Altaf Hussain Hali

Publisher : Matba Mufeed Aam, Agra

Year of Publication : 1903

Language : Urdu

Categories : Biography

Pages : 457

Contributor : Ghalib Academy, Delhi


About The Book

اپنے اسلاف کو یاد کرنا کسی اکسیر اعظم سے کم نہیں ہوتا کیوں کہ ہمارے اسلاف کی زندگی میں کامیابی کے راز مضمر ہوتے ہیں ۔ سر سید احمد خان کی زندگی بھی کچھ اسی طرح کی زندگی ہے کہ جہاں رنج و غم ،درد کرب ہے ، جہاں تھکن ہے اور نہ رکنے والے ارادے۔ جو شخصیت صدی ساز شخصیت ہے ۔ الطاف حسین حالی نے سید احمد خان کی زندگی کو بہت قریب سے دیکھا ،جانا اور پرکھا ہے۔ اس لئے ان سے بہتر ان کے سوانحی احوال کوئی نہیں لکھ سکتا تھا ۔ یہ کتاب سر سید احمد خان کی زندگی اور ان کی کاوشوں کو اجاگر کرتی ہے ۔ کتاب دو حصوں میں تقسیم کی گئی ہے ۔ پہلے حصے چھ ابواب قائم کئے گئے ہیں جس میں سر سید کے حالات زندگی از اول تا آخر بیان کئے گئے ہیں ۔ دوسرے حصے میں ان کی خدمات اور سرگرمیوں کو اجاگر کیا گیا ہے ۔ واقعی سر سید کی زندگی ہمارے لئے ایک نمونہ ہے۔

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About The Author

Khwaja Altaf Hussain Hali (1837-1914) was born in Panipat, where he also received his early education. On coming to Delhi, he learnt Arabic and Persian and received patronage from two major poets, Ghalib and Shefta. After Shefta’s death, he left for Lahore and joined Punjab Government Book Depot where he got an opportunity to read Western literature. Hali paid serious heed to Mohammad Hussain Azad’s call for the new Urdu poem and Sir Syed Ahmad Khan’s call for rationalism in social, political and educational matters of the Muslims in particular. These two influences determined his future course of development as a poet, critic, commentator, biographer, and translator.

Hali started writing as a poet of the traditional Urdu ghazal. Later, he initiated a more serious phase of his literary career which also marked the beginning of modernism in Urdu literature. He made a major case for simplicity of expression and seriousness of thought and purpose. His engagement with the writing of ameliorative poetry explains his distaste for panegyric and ghazal which, he argued, could no longer sustain the burden of new consciousness. Instead, he emphasized upon the contemporary relevance of narrative poetry and made a case for ‘natural poetry’, shorn of sentimentality and based in reality. While Hali wrote in various forms, he developed a composite view of life and art in close association with each other. His Muqaddama-i-Sher-o-shairi is, in many respects, the first critical manifesto of Urdu poetry like Wordsworth’s ‘Preface’ to the Lyrical Ballads that laid the critical parameters for the early nineteenth century Romantic poetry in English. Hali developed a serious discourse in his Muqaddama which is valued as an anthology of ideas concerning the nature of true art, its language, the parametres of its creation, and the making of taste. In Madd-o-jazar-e Islam, he reflected upon the rise and travails of Islam. In Tiryaaq-e Masmoom, he developed a discourse on religious disputation, in Majaalisu-n-Nisa, he projected an argument in favour of womens’ education in a fictional framework. Tabaqaat-ul Arz is his translation of an Arabic discourse. Hali wrote sober and scientific prose, plain and persuasive poetry, broadly representing the case of art for life’s sake. Hali‘s biographies of Sir Syed, Ghalib, and Persian poet Sadi remain authentic sources till this day. 

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