Author : Meer Taqi Meer

Publisher : Taraqqi Urdu Bureau, New Delhi

Year of Publication : 1983

Language : Urdu

Categories : Poetry

Sub Categories : Deewan, Kulliyat

Pages : 835

Contributor : Anjuman Taraqqi Urdu (Hind), Delhi


About The Book

"خدائے سخن" میر تقی میر کا کلام نہ صرف اردو زبان و ادب میں معروف ہے بلکہ دیگر زبانوں میں بھی یکساں مقبول ہے۔ان کے کلام کی مقبولیت کی اہم وجہ سہل ممتنع ہے۔آسان ، عام فہم انداز ،درد وکرب کا بیان،دل اور دلی کی روداد ہی ان کی شاعری کی پہچان ہے۔غزل گوئی میں میر کا کوئی ثانی نہیں ۔کلیات میر کا یہ حصہ چھ دیوانوں پر مشتمل ہے۔یہ دیوان کئی معنوں میں اہمیت کے حامل ہیں۔ان کے کلام کی تاثیر عالمگیر ہے۔اس کلیات میں میر کی حالات زندگی،میر کا ذکر تذکروں میں،میر کے مطالعہ کی اہمیت اورمیر کی عالمگیر مقبولیت سے متعلق اہم مضامین کے بعد میر کے بالترتیب چھ دیوان شامل ہیں۔ زیر نطر جلد اول ہے۔

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About The Author

Maohammad Taqi (1722/23-1810) was born in Akbarabad, now Agra, in a family of very modest means. His father, a pious man of high spiritualist leanings, wished him to follow the path of piety and got Syed Amanullah, a young man who revered Meer’s father, to mentor him. The two did not live long enough to see Meer grow as they wished. Left on his own at an early age of eleven, Meer had to fend for himself then, and thereafter. As he had to explore the means of his livelihood, he went to Delhi where he met Khwaja Mohammad Basit, a kind man, who introduced him to Nawab Samsamuddaulah with whom he found favour. The nawab provided him with the source of his sustenance but it did not last long as he was killed facing Nadir Shah’s attack. Forlorn once again, Meer veered between Delhi, Agra, and its neighbourhood finding irregular support from several nobles for meeting his day-to-day- needs. While he suffered immeasurably at a personal level, he also witnessed the attacks of Nadir Shah and Ahmad Shah Abdali on Delhi, and the decline of Mughal Empire. As Delhi stood derelict and saw the men of taste leaving one by one, he too left. He was called by Nawab Asifuddaulah to Lucknow where he found relief but the extreme sensitivity of his nature did not let him live in peace for long. He refused the favours from the nawab and retreated into his own shell of loneliness and suffered his misery. Happiness was only a short season in Meer’s life; pain a perennial condition. He lived without an address in life, as in death, since the place he was buried is no longer traceable after the laying of rail tracks in the vicinity.

Meer is generally supposed to be a poet of angst but his greatness lies in how he unravelled the existential dilemmas, developed a form, evolved his diction, and brought it to perfection. One of the most remarkable features of his poetry is that he has expressed himself with complete sincerity and disarming frankness on almost every aspect of life and living. This is well testified by the six divans of Urdu and one of Persian ghazals he has left behind, apart from his mathnawi, musaddas, qasida, hajw, and wasokht. He also wrote Nukatusshuara (a tazkira of Urdu poets) Zikr-e Meer (an autobiography), and Faiz-e Meer (a description of Sufi saints) which ensure him a place of prominence in the annals of Urdu literature as a poet, biographer, and critic of sorts.

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