Author : Mirza Hadi Ruswa

Publisher : Maktaba Jamia Limited, New Delhi

Year of Publication : 1971

Language : Urdu

Categories : Novel

Pages : 274

Contributor : Urdu Arts College, Hyderabad

umrao jan ada

About The Author

Born in 1858, Mohammad Hadi used Ruswa as his pen name in poetry, and Mirza Ruswa in Novel writing. He graduated from the Roorkee Engineering College and got employed in Quetta for a monthly salary of 70 Rupees. At the same time, he became interested in chemistry, which even led to him quitting his job. When he ran out of money, he became a teacher of Persian in the Lucknow Christian College School. At the same time, he passed his BA from Punjab University. He started his poetry under the tutelage of Mirza Dabir, but after his death, he sought corrections from Mirza Jafar Auj, son of Mirza Dabir. Mirza turned his attention to translations and novels to increase his income. In 1902 he discovered a new interest, astrology. The series of his writings, compositions, poetry and literature continued in Lucknow till the end of the year 1920. Either at the end of 1920, or at the beginning of 1921, Mirza moved to Hyderabad, Deccan and got employed in the Dar-ul-Tarjuma. On 21st October, 1931, he died of Typhoid, in Hyderabad Deccan.
Mirza also translated books of philosophy. He was very fond of music and his religious knowledge was very vast, too. He had a special interest in science and was a master of chemistry. He also worked on a shorthand manual. He also wrote several elegies. Other than his world-famous ‘Umrao Jan Ada’, he wrote many other novels. He was truly a multi-faceted personality.

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