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Author : Gyan Chand Jain

V4EBook_EditionNumber : 001

Publisher : Uttar Pradesh Urdu Academy, Lucknow

Year of Publication : 1987

Language : Urdu

Categories : Text Books, Research & Criticism

Sub Categories : Criticism, Fiction

Pages : 912

Contributor : Anjuman Taraqqi Urdu (Hind), Delhi

urdu ki nasri dastanen
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About The Book

اردو کی نریی داستانیں در اصل گیان چند کا پی ایچ ڈی کا مقالہ تھا جسے انہوں نے بعد میں ترمیم و اضافے کے ساتھ شایع کیا۔ یہ کتاب داستانی ادب کی ارتقاء و ترویج کے موضوع پر بہترین کتاب ہے۔ نثری داستان نویسی کی روایت اور اس کی ترقی کے اسباب پر انہوں نے خاص توجہ دی ہے۔ اس کتاب کو تیرہ ابواب پر تقسیم کیا گیا ہے ۔ اور عہد بہ عہد داستان گوئی کی تاریخی ، سماجی، سیاسی، اقتصادی ترقی و ترویج کو بہت ہی واضح انداز میں بیان کیا ہے۔ پہلا باب عہد قدیم کی قصہ گوئی پر محمول ہے۔ دوسرے باب میں اردو کا قدیم افسانوی ادب بیان کیا گیا ہے۔ پھر داستان کے فروغ و زوال کے اسباب پر بحث کی گئی ہے۔ اس کے بعد دکنی قصہ گوئی پر گفتگو کی گئی ہے۔ پھر شمالی ہند میں داستان نویسی پر بحث کی گئی ہے۔پھر فورٹ ولیم کالج کی خدمات اور داستانوی ادب پر بات ہے۔ اس کے بعد سنسکرت اور ہندی سے متاثر قصہ گوئی کو موضوع سخن بنایا گیا ہے۔پھر سرور کے عہد کی قصہ گوئی پر بات کی گئی ہے۔ اس کے بعد اردو میں الف لیلوی داستانوں پر بات کی گئی ہےپھر داستان امیر حمزہ پر بات کی گئی ہے۔ اس کے بعد بوستان خیال پر گفتگو ہےاور آخر میں اردو ادب میں داستان کے مقام و مرتبے کو مضوع سخن بنایا گیا ہے۔ کتاب داستان گوئی اور قصہ گوئی کے موضوع پر ایک بہترین کتاب ہے۔

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About The Author

One of the greatest and most influential Urdu-critics, and an expert of Ghalib studies, Gyan Chand Jain was born in his hometown Sewahara, Bijnor District, UP. Listing is lineage, Gyan Chand writes, “Gyan Chand bin Bahal Singh bin Bihari Lal bin Padma Jain bin Mohan Lal bin Mangni Ram bin Sita Ram". According to Gyan Chand, his great-grandfather “Hakim” Padma Singh was a Persian scholar and also recited poetry, and whose handwritten Persian manuscripts are preserved in his house.

His mother's name was Parvati. She was not a Jain but belonged to the Sanatan family. Gyan Chand was the youngest of the siblings, he was born on September 19, 1923. He passed the eighth standard examination from Muslim Qadrat School, Sewahara, High school from Muradabad in 1939, Inter Government College, Muradabad in 1941, entered Allahabad University and passed BA in 1943. After MA, Urdu Dastans remained the subject of his research and he obtained his D.Phil degree on the same subject. He also did MA in Sociology from Agra University. He joined Agra University in 1956 and graduated in 1960. He also studied Linguistics from Sagar University and joined Karnataka University in 1962 to get a Certificate of Advanced Linguistics.

Gyan Chand Jain was married in 1953 in Saharanpur. His wife's name is Armala. Gyan Chand Jain became a lecturer in Urdu at Hamidia College, Bhopal in 1950 and also became a professor at the same college. He then became the principal of Government Degree College, Mysore. In 1965, he became a professor of Urdu at Jammu and Kashmir University. He worked there for eleven years. After that in 1976 he became Professor and President of Urdu Department in Allahabad University. In December 1970, he became Professor of Urdu at Central University, Hyderabad.

Gyan Chand Jain has been a renowned Urdu writer and researcher, very active and dynamic. His works on Dastan and Masnavi are of great importance. His passion for linguistics does not need to be introduced. He has also been interested in the history of Urdu literature and he has written the history of Deccan literature in several volumes with Syeda Jaffer for the Furogh-e-Urdu, Delhi.

“Urdu Ki Nasri Dastanen” was first published in 1954 by Anjuman-e-Tarqi Urdu Pakistan. But, after a few amends, it was published again in 1969 from Pakistan itself. "Tafsir-e-Ghalib" is one of his important books. In fact, it gives commentaries on Ghalib's handwritten and largely unpublished poems. The book was published in 1972. But the date of publication on the book is 1971. This information was provided by the author himself. Another important book on Ghalib, "Rumuz-e-Ghalib", has articles by Jain and gives deep insights about the couplets. The book was published in 1976 by Maktab Jamia. A collection of research and criticism was published in 1978 under the title "Haqaiq". Another book “Zikr-o-Fikr”, and a voluminous book on linguistics titled “Aam Lisaniyat” has also been published. He has written a detailed book on Qazi Abdul Wadud entitled "Qazi Abdul Wadud Ba-Haisiyat Murattab Matn”. This book has been published by Educational Publishing House, Delhi.

Gyan Chand Jain is a tireless writer who strives to present literary facts without prejudice. Owning to his hard work and dedication, many intricate and complex problems of Urdu have been solved. Gyan Chand Jain's articles also provide insights into science and research. He is one of Urdu’s literary masters under whose guidance research and criticism is constantly advancing. His works on linguistics has become an impetus to several other works.

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