Author : Allama Iqbal

Language : Urdu

Categories : Poetry

Sub Categories : Nazm

Pages : 35

Contributor : Raja Mahmudabad Library, Mahmudabad

shikwa jawab-e-shikwa

About The Book

علامہ اقبال کی شہرہ آفاق نظموں میں سے ایک نظم "شکوہ" بھی ہے۔ جس کو ہم آفاقی ادب کی فہرست میں رکھ سکتے ہیں۔ یہ نظم مسدس کی ہیئت میں لکھی گئی ہے ۔ اس نظم کی خاص بات یہ ہے کہ اس کو جتنی بار پڑھا جائے اتنی بار ایک الگ ہی لطف محسوس ہوتا ہے۔ نظم مسلمانوں کی حالت زار کو بیان کرتی اور خدا سے شکایتی لہجے میں ہم سخن ہے ۔ اسی لہجے کے سبب بعض مذہبی رہنماوں کو یہ اچھا نہیں لگا۔ اس لئے انہوں نے اس پر علامہ کو بہت تعن و تشنیع کی جس کی مدافعت کے لئے انہوں نے جواب شکوہ لکھا .جو یقینا شکوہ کا مرتبہ کم کرتا ہوا نظر آتا ہے اور اگر دونوں کا موازنہ کرایا جائے تو فنی و ادبی نقطہ نظر سے بھی شکوہ ، جواب شکوہ سے کہیں زیادہ آگے محسوس ہوتا ہے ۔ علامہ اقبال کی یہ دونوں نظمیں سخن سرایان ہند و پاک کے لئے بہت ہی اہمیت کی حامل ہے۔ قوال و موسیقار نے الگ الگ انداز سے اس کو گایا ہے۔ شاید ہی علامہ کی اتنی طویل نظموں میں کوئی دوسری نظم ہو جس کو اتنا زیادہ گایا گیا ہو۔ اس کے علاوہ اس کتاب میں علامہ کے چند ترانوں کو بھی جگہ دی گئی ہے جن میں حب الوطنی کے عناصر کے ساتھ ساتھ دیگر موضوعات بھی شامل کئے گئے ہیں۔

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About The Author

Mohammad Iqbal (1877-1938), a descendant of a Kashmiri Brahmin family that had embraced Islam in the seventeenth century, was born and settled in Sialkot. After a traditional education in Arabic, Persian, and Urdu, he was exposed to a liberal education that defined the contours of his thought and his poetry during the entire period of his life. Beginning his educational career at the Scottish Mission School, he went on to acquire his M. A. in Philosophy, before joining Trinity College, and later earning the degree of Bar-at-Law. He furthered his education by getting the degree of doctorate from Germany on The Development of Metaphysics in Persia. He worked in different capacities at different points of time; he taught philosophy, practised law, got involved in politics, and also attended the second Round Table Conference. Even while he favoured the idea of the creation of Pakistan and is venerated there as the national poet, he wrote the famous patriotic song that celebrates the greatness of India.  King George V decorated him with knighthood and he was called Sir Mohammad Iqbal thereafter.

Iqbal wrote both in Persian and Urdu, and is often regarded as the poet-philosopher of the East who addressed the Muslim ummah, believed in the philosophy of wahdatul wujood, and propounded the philosohy of khudi, or selfhood, which called for self-realisation and the discovery of the hidden talent with love and perseverance. Beyond that lay the stages of complete submission and forgetfulness which, he thought, was the ultimate stage of khudi. Iqbal dreamt of the ‘complete man’ and also entered into a metaphoric dialogue with the divine. His poetry emerged as a remarkable site where message and art coalesced, as he re-configured major poetic devices like metaphor, myth, and symbol to re-visit history, philosophy and the Islamic faith to develop his individual vision. He has left behind his collections of poems, Asraar-e Khudi, Rumooz-e Bekhudi, Baang-e Daraa, Baal-e Jibreel, Payaam-e Mashriq, Zaboor-e ‘Ajm, Javed Naama, Zarb-e Kaleem, and Armaghaan-e Hijaz, apart from his lectures collected in English as The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam, and other works on the Eastern worldview.

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