Author : Mohsinul Mulk

Editor : Munshi Fazluddin

Publisher : Mtbua Mujtabai Press, Lahore

Year of Publication : 1894

Language : Urdu

Categories : Essays & Profiles

Sub Categories : Essays

Pages : 405

Contributor : Idara-e-Adabiyat-e-Urdu, Hyderabad


About The Book

1857ء میں غدر،اوراس کی ناکامی کے بعد مسلمانوں کا انگریز حکومت کے ظلم و ستم کا تختۂ مشق بنناایک ایسا حادثہ تھا جس سے سرسیّد بے چین ہوگئے تھے،چنانچہ سر سیدنے دقت نظری سے قوم مسلم کا جائزہ لیا اورقوم کےمسائل و مشکلات کا اصل سبب جاننے کی کوشش کی جس سے ساری مشکلات اور مسائل کا بنیادی سبب قوم کا اعلیٰ معیاری تعلیم سے عاری ہوناہے،چنانچہ اس کے لئے سرسید ؒ نےدماغ و قلم کا استعمال کیا،سوسائٹی قائم کی،اخبار جارے کئے،کتابوں کے ترجمے کرائے،لندن کا سفر کیا اور آخر کار تہذیب الاخلاق کی اشاعت کا منصوبہ بنایا،جس کا مقصد مسلمانوں کو تعلیمی اور تہذیبی پستی کےقعرمذلت سے نکال کر مہذب قوموں کے شانہ بشانہ کھڑا کرنا اور پرانی فرسودہ مذہبی رسوم و تقالید کے طوق غلامی سے نجات دلانا تھا،جس سے اسلامی قومیت کا سبق ملا،تعلیم و تہذیب کی روشنی ملی،جس نے اُردو نثرنگاری کو نئی جہت دی زیر نظر کتاب اسی کا ایک حصہ جس کو منشی فضل الدین نے چار حصوں میں یکجا کر دیا،اس حصہ میں محسن الملک مولوی سید مہدی علی خان کے مضامین شامل ہیں۔

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About The Author

Born Syed Mehdi Ali, in 1817 in Etawah, he wrote under the pen-name Mohsinul Mulk.After studying Arabic and Persian, he got a job in the Collectorate for ten rupees a month. Owing to his great work, he made it to the post of Tahsildar. During his tenure, he wrote two books on law which were found useful by the British authorities and he was made Deputy Collector. The fame of his performance reached Hyderabad and he was called as Inspector General of Finance for Rs. 1200 per month. He continued to grow and eventually became the chief trustee of finance.In Hyderabad he was so respected that he was called the uncrowned king. He retired to Aligarh in 1893 and spent the rest of his life in the service of the college. After Sir Syed, only Mohsin-ul-Mulk succeeded him. He died in Shimla in 1907 but was brought to Aligarh and buried beside Sir Syed.

It won’t be wrong to call Mohsin-ul-Mulk the right hand of Sir Syed.He cooperated with Sir Syed at every step. He helped to spread Sir Syed's thoughts and ideas. His articles were often published in Tahzeeb-ul-Akhlaq. Mohsin-ul-Mulk's prose is very appealing. It seems as if he carefully weighs on every single word and chooses them very responsibly.Therefore, every word of what he writes sinks into the heart and affects the heart. His letters which have been published in the form of collections are still read with great interest.Allama Shibli was also fascinated by Mohsin-ul-Mulk's charming writing.

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