Author : Nazeer Akbarabadi

Publisher : Anjuman Taraqqi Urdu (Hind), Delhi

Origin : Delhi (City), Other (District), Other (State), India (Country)

Year of Publication : 1942

Language : Urdu

Categories : Poetry

Sub Categories : Deewan

Pages : 328

Contributor : Ghalib Institute, New Delhi

deewan-e-nazeer akbarabadi

About The Book

نظیر اکبر آبادی بحیثیت عوامی شاعر معروف ہیں۔وہ شاعری میں قدما کے پابند نہیں رہے۔انھوں نے اپنے لیے ایک منفرد راہ نکالی۔جو مہذب معاشرے کی نفی کرتی تھی لیکن اس راستے پر چل کر نظیر کو بے پنا مقبولیت حاصل ہوئی۔ "دیوان نظیر"میں شامل ان کے کلام سے ان کی شاعرانہ فنی کمالات واضح ہوتے ہیں۔ان کے موضوعات متنوع بھی ہیں اور روش عام سے مختلف بھی۔انھیں تخئیل کے پرواز کی ضرورت نہیں پڑی ،وہ اپنے آس پاس سے مختلف موضوعات کا انتخاب کرتے ہیں۔عام لوگوں کے عام مسائل، میلوں ٹھیلوں عید برات جیسے متنوع موضوعات نے ان کےکلام میں جدت اور تازگی پید اکردی ہے۔نظیر نے اپنے ذخیرہ الفاظ سے اردو شاعری کےذخیرہ الفاظ میں اضافہ کیا ہے۔وہ معاشرت کے سچے مصور ہیں۔اپنے اطراف جو دیکھتے ہیں اسی کو شعری پیکر میں ڈھالتے ہیں۔ زیر نظر دیوان کو مرزا فرحت اللہ بیگ نے مرتب کیا ہے۔ دراصل اس نسخہ میں دودیوان شامل ہیں۔ دیوان اول اور دیوان دوم۔ دیوان کے شروع میں مرتب نے نسخے کی ترتیب پر روشنی ڈالتے ہوئے نظیر کی شاعری پر تفصیلی گفتگو کی ہے۔ دیوانوں میں غزلوں کے علاوہ رباعیات اور مخمسات وغیرہ بھی شامل ہیں۔

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About The Author

Syed Wali Mohammad, known as Nazeer Akbarabadi, is the only poet of his kind in Urdu for a variety of reasons. He was born in 1735 in Delhi. There was huge celebration at his birth as he was the only male child of his parents born after twelve daughters. He was brought up with great care and his mother took him to Agra when Delhi fell into bad days.

Nazeer received his early education in Agra. He belonged to a prosperous family and led his childhood and early life in comfort. Following the usual practice of the day, he trained himself as a soldier. He was deeply interested in sports also. When it was the time to pick on a profession for earning a livelihood, he chose to be teacher and started teaching children at Mathura. It is said that he was a teacher to six children of Raja Vilas Rao. Later, the raja of Bharatpur and the nawab of Lucknow, Wajid Ali Shah, wanted to enrol him in their courts but Nazeer did not agree to leave his place.

Nazeer was a contemporary of Meer, Sauda, Jurat, Insha, and Mushafi who stood as the vanguards of classical Urdu poetry with ghazal being nourished as the most prestigious form of poetical expression. Nazeer opened up entirely new avenues for Urdu poetry as he chose his material from life brilliantly spread all around. There is hardly any aspect of secular life that did not engage his attention. His wrote poems on all religious festivals, communal events, carnivals, sports, hobbies, and scenes and scenarios of common life which none had done before him. He evolved a diction that too entirely new for the kind of poems he wrote. There is a general misconception that Nazeer wrote only on the folk life and its various manifestations but he also wrote highly sophisticated, persianised, and creatively rich ghazals which find him a place among the elitist poets of Urdu. 

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