Author : Kaifi Azmi

Publisher : Mohammad Ali Kashani

Year of Publication : 1983

Language : Urdu

Categories : Poetry

Sub Categories : Nazm

Pages : 79

Contributor : Ghalib Institute, New Delhi

iblees ki majlis-e-shura

About The Book

اقبال کی شاہکار نظم ابلیس کی مجلس شوریٰ سے متاثر ہوکر کیفی اعظمی نےنظم "ابلیس کی مجلس شوریٰ ۔دوسرا اجلاس " تحریر کی،لیکن یہ نظم اقبال کا جواب نہیں بلکہ ان کے امکانات کا اظہار ہےجو تاریخی دور کے بطن میں پوشیدہ ہے۔یہ نظم اپنی عصری معنویت اور تاریخی بلاغت کے اعتبار سے بے حد اہم ہے۔اقبال کی نظم میں ابلیس ایک انقلابی کردار ہے۔جو پیام مشرق میں اس شان سے ظاہر ہوتا ہے کہ آدم کوتخلیق خدا نے کیا لیکن وہ جوان ابلیس کی گود میں ہوا ہے ۔لیکن کیفی اعظمی کی نظم کا ابلیس ایک رجعت پرست کردار ہے۔جو سامراج شاہی، شہنشاہیت اور فاشزم کا خالق ہے۔جو اپنی آنکھوں سے اپنی شکست کا نظارہ کررہا ہے۔اس سے کوئی فرق نہیں پڑتا کہ یہ شکست اشتراکیت کے ہاتھوں ہوئی یا اسلام کے ہاتھوں یا دونوں کے انقلابی اشتراک سے۔اقبال کی نظم کے بعد کیفی کی نظم اسی انقلابی اشتراک کے ہاتھوں مسلمانوں کی شکست کی نشان دہی کرتی ہے۔

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About The Author

Kaifi Azmi was a famous Hindi and Urdu poet and lyricist of Hindi film. He was born on Januray 14, 1919 in a landlord family of Mejwan, Azamgarh, Uttar Pradesh. Azmi abandoned his studies of Persian and Urdu during the Quit India agitations in 1942 and shortly thereafter became a full-time Marxist. During this period, Azmi started to win great acclaim as a poet and became a member of Progressive Writers' Movement of India.

Later he went to Bombay and joined Ali Sardar Jafri in writing for the party’s paper, Qaumi Jung. In 1947, he visited Hyderabad to participate in a mushaira. There he met, fell in love and married a woman named Shaukat Azmi. She later became a renowned actress in theatre and films. Azmi's first collection of poems, Jhankar was published in 1943. As a lyricist and songwriter, though he wrote for numerous films, he will always be remembered for Kaagaz Ke Phool (1959), Haqeeqat (1964), Heer Raanjha (1970).

Azmi died on May 10, 2002. He was the recipient of Padma Shri, one of the Indian Government's highest civilian awards. Besides he was awarded the Uttar Pradesh Urdu Academy Award, Maharashtra Urdu Academy Award, Delhi Urdu Academy Award. He has also been honored with a doctorate from Vishva Bharati University. He died in 2002.

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