by Shad Azimabadi

shad ki kahani shad ki zubani

Khudnawisht Sawaneh Hayat

by Shad Azimabadi

Author : Shad Azimabadi

Publisher : Anjuman Taraqqi Urdu (Hind), Aligarh

Origin : Aligarh (City), Other (District), Uttar pradesh (State), India (Country)

Year of Publication : 1961

Language : Urdu

Categories : Autobiography

Pages : 286

Contributor : Sundarayya Vignana Kendram, Hyderabad

shad ki kahani shad ki zubani

About The Book

شاد عظیم آبادی کاشمار انیسویں صدی کے اوآخر اور بیسویں صدی کے اوائل کے کلاسیک شعرا میں ہوتا ہے۔انھوں نے غزل کو ایسے وقت میں اپنے اظہار کا وسیلہ بنایا جب غزل پر موضوع اور ہئیت کے اعتبار سے کئی اعتراضات سامنے آرہے تھے۔اس پس منظر میں شاد کی غزل گوئی نے اپنی فکری اور فنی خصوصیات کے بنا پر اپنی منفرد شناخت بنائی۔ شاد کی ادبی شخصیت کے مختلف پہلو ہیں۔وہ نظم نگار اور نثر نگار بھی ہیں۔نثر میں شاد نے تذکرہ ،ناول اور خود نوشت سوانح عمری میں اپنے فن کو آزمایا تو شاعری میں غزل ، قصیدہ ، مرثیہ ،مثنوی، رباعی اور قطعات غرض ہر صنف سخن میں کامیاب طبع آزمائی کی۔زیر نظر ان کی خود نوشت سوانح حیات بعنوان" شاد کی کہانی شاد کی زبانی " ہے۔ جس میں شاد اپنی شخصیت و فن کے متنوع رنگوں کے ساتھ روشن ہیں۔ جس کا مطالعہ شاد کی حیات کے اہم واقعات اور فنی ارتقا سے واقف کراتا ہے۔اس سوانح حیات کو شاد کے شاگرد پروفیسر محمد مسلم عظیم آبادی نے مرتب کیا ہے۔ ابتدا میں مسودہ اور پہلے سے شائع شدہ نسخوں سے متعلق اہم معلومات بھی درج کی گئی ہیں۔

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About The Author

Shad Azimabadi was born Syed Ali Mohammad in Azeemabad, now Patna. He received traditional education rather early in his life and learnt Urdu, Persian, and Arabic. This was followed by his own studies of Islam and other religions which turned him into a liberal humanist. Although Shad hailed from an affluent family, he cared less for riches, and even lesser for the sources of his future sustenance. Following the general practice of poets in making, he too received counselling on his poetry from several master craftsmen. As he emerged as a poet of remarkable merit and a sound scholar, he earned the title of Khan Bahadur from the British government, with a monthly stipend of a thousand rupees.

Shad was essentially a poet of the ghazal tradition. He was no philosopher; nor did he have a taste for stereotypical themes but he distinguished himself on account of his refreshing ideas and novel ways of expression. He engaged with issues in ethics, philosophy, and mysticism, as he deliberated on the unity of God. Following Mir Anis, the celebrated poet of marsiya, he also practised this form. A full time poet and writer, Shad has left behind a huge amount of literary works. Some of them include a biography called Hayaat-e Faryaad, a historical tract called Nawa-i-Watan, collected poems entitled Kulliyaat-e Shad and Maikhana-i-Ilhaam, and an account of marsiya poets, called Fikr-e Baleegh.

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