اس کتاب میں عجمی فلسفوں کا جائزہ لیا گیا ہے۔ یہ فلسفے کا ذوق رکھنے والے حضرات کے لیے ایک مفید تالیف ہے، یہ کتاب علامہ ماقبال کی"the development of metaphysics in persia" کا ترجمہ ہے، جسے میر حسن الدین نے انجام دیا ہے۔ اس کتاب میں ایرانی افکار کے منطقی تسلسل کو فلسفہ جدید میں پیش کیا گیا ہے، اور تصوف کے موضوع کو سائنٹفک انداز میں بیان کیا گیا ہے۔ ”فلسفہ عجم“ میں ایرانی تصوف میں سیاسی بے چینی، سیاسی منصوبے مذہبی بھیس میں، ایرانی خاندانوں کامناقشہ، وحدت الوجود،عیسائی راہبوں کے اثرات‘ ابن تیمیہؒ اور ایرانی تصوف کی قوت کا راز‘ باطنی تعلیم و صوفیانہ نظریات‘ فلسفہ اشراق، وجودیات، تجلیات و ملائکہ اور اس میں انحطاط ظلمت کا وجود یہ وہ سارے موضوع ہیں جس کو علامہ اقبال نے اس کتاب میں پیش کیا ہے۔
Mohammad Iqbal (1877-1938), a descendant of a Kashmiri Brahmin family that had embraced Islam in the seventeenth century, was born and settled in Sialkot. After a traditional education in Arabic, Persian, and Urdu, he was exposed to a liberal education that defined the contours of his thought and his poetry during the entire period of his life. Beginning his educational career at the Scottish Mission School, he went on to acquire his M. A. in Philosophy, before joining Trinity College, and later earning the degree of Bar-at-Law. He furthered his education by getting the degree of doctorate from Germany on The Development of Metaphysics in Persia. He worked in different capacities at different points of time; he taught philosophy, practised law, got involved in politics, and also attended the second Round Table Conference. Even while he favoured the idea of the creation of Pakistan and is venerated there as the national poet, he wrote the famous patriotic song that celebrates the greatness of India. King George V decorated him with knighthood and he was called Sir Mohammad Iqbal thereafter.
Iqbal wrote both in Persian and Urdu, and is often regarded as the poet-philosopher of the East who addressed the Muslim ummah, believed in the philosophy of wahdatul wujood, and propounded the philosohy of khudi, or selfhood, which called for self-realisation and the discovery of the hidden talent with love and perseverance. Beyond that lay the stages of complete submission and forgetfulness which, he thought, was the ultimate stage of khudi. Iqbal dreamt of the ‘complete man’ and also entered into a metaphoric dialogue with the divine. His poetry emerged as a remarkable site where message and art coalesced, as he re-configured major poetic devices like metaphor, myth, and symbol to re-visit history, philosophy and the Islamic faith to develop his individual vision. He has left behind his collections of poems, Asraar-e Khudi, Rumooz-e Bekhudi, Baang-e Daraa, Baal-e Jibreel, Payaam-e Mashriq, Zaboor-e ‘Ajm, Javed Naama, Zarb-e Kaleem, and Armaghaan-e Hijaz, apart from his lectures collected in English as The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam, and other works on the Eastern worldview.
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