CLASSICAL POETS

1833 -1889 West Bengal

Prominent poet of classical mould from Nengal, known for his 'Tazkira 'Sukhan-e-Shoara'.

An important classical poet and a disciple of Abru

1685 -1733 Delhi

One of the founding fathers of Urdu poetry, contemporary of Meer Taqi meer.

A poet of classical temper from Hyderabad, known for his Rubais

1728 -1806 Delhi

Mughal emperor, who introduced Urdu poetry in the Red Fort and his court.

1812 -1887

Prominent Lucknow poet who was very close to the royal family. Moved to Kolkota and stayed with Hamid Ali Kaukab, the Crown prince of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah in exile.

1857/58 -1914

Prominent and technically proficient poet from Hyderabad, Deccan; wrote poetry in difficult metres, also known for his Rubais

1779 -1879 Delhi

One of the most vocal critics of Ghalib's poetic style.

1815 -1858 Lucknow

Famous for his musical play 'Inder Sabha', contemporary of the last Nawab of Avadh, wajid Ali Shah.

1253 -1325 Delhi

First Poet of Rekhta/Hindvi. Musician and Disciple of Sufi Saint Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia. Known for his "pahelis", which form part of Indian folklore. He is famous for inventing two most important musical instruments tabla & sitar. Wrote "Ze-hal-e-miskin…" one of the earliest prototypes of Urdu ghazal written in Persian & Hindvi.

1829 -1900 Hyderabad

Eminent Urdu Poet and contemporary of Dagh Dehlvi. Famous for penning ghazal "Sarakti jaye hai rukh se naqaab aahista aahista".

1847 -1885 Delhi

Prominent later classical poet and disciple of Zauq & Ghalib who had written many oft quoted shers.

1725/6 -1772 Delhi

One of the prominent 18th Century poets / Contemporary to Mir Taqi Mir

1775 -1862 Delhi

Last Mughal Emperor and contemporary of Ghalib and Zauq.

Parsi religious scholar who deeply absorbed Urdu literary traditions and wrote poetry in Urdu and Persian

1820 -1890 Delhi

A poet-mentor, favourite disciple of Mirza Ghalib

1745 -1805 India

Prominent classical poet of South India

1884 -1936

A later descendant of Delhi’s poetry tradition, known for his play 'Krishna Avataar'

Prominent literary figure known for his monumental book on Delhi's history

1727 -1798 Delhi

Leading classical Urdu poet. Contemporary of Mir Taqi Mir.

1857 -1912

Prominent 19th century poet, disciple of Maulana Altaf Hussain Hali and Daagh Dehelvi, served as a magistr

1850 -1885 Banaras

One of the most powerful campaigners of Hindi revivalism who wrote Urdu ghazals in classical style.

European poet of the classical period whose father adopted the Indian way of life. Published a divan containing ghazls and poems in other poetical genres

1690 -1738 Delhi

One of the most prominent Urdu poets of pre-Mir era, who laid the foundation of Urdu poetry

1753 -1851

Prominent Sufi poet for whom Mirza Ghalib had great devotion

1784 -1850 Lucknow

Prominent desciple of Nasikh who served in the armies of Maratha ruler Yashwant Rao Holkar at Indore and Ghaziuddin Haider, Nawab of Awadh

1778 -1847 Lucknow

Contemporary of Mirza Ghalib, Aatish was one of the shining stars of 19th century Urdu Ghazal.

Barrister-at-law practising at Hyderabad, desciple of Jalil Manikpuri. Wrote many Thumris.

1727 -1795 Patna

Prominent Contemporary of Mir Taqi Mir who had written a Masnavi called 'Khwab e Hasrat'.

1815 -1879

Prominent Contemporary poet and a friend of Mirza Ghalib. He was also a High Court lawyer who also served as Honorary Magistrate at Agra

1772 -1838 Lucknow

One of the most prominent and trend-setter classical poets from Lucknow. Contemporary of Mirza Ghalib.

1727 -1755 Delhi

Known as a rival to Mir Taqi Mir. His father killed him for unknown reasons.

1752 -1817 Delhi

One of most firebrand poets of Lucknow. Contemporary of Meer Taqi Meer. His rivalry with Mushafi is well-recorded. He had also written rekhta poetry and 'Raani Ketki ki kahani" in prose.

1844 -1917 Meerut

Most famous Urdu poet writing poetry for children.

1734 -1792 Lucknow

Prominent contemporary of Mir Taqi Mir. Known for depiction of physicality in his romantic poetry

1737 -1801

Prominent contemporary of Mir taqi Mir writing poetry at far-off Azimabad in Delhi style